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史力如

艺术人物 2020-01-23 10:21:15

  史力如,祖籍陕西省府谷县。五十年代初,迫于饥荒,他的祖父史锦城和祖母常桂娥带着他的父亲史文科背井离乡,来到内蒙古河套地区谋生,不久又向北迁到了黄河岸边、离草原不远的内蒙古乌海市。这里气候恶劣,土地贫瘠,只有辛勤劳作才能维持一家八口的生计。史力如的祖父是农民,为人正直,心胸开阔,虽没上过学,但能写会画,还对唢呐、二胡和洋琴等乐器的演奏十分精通。即便在那段动荡艰苦的红色岁月里,他也经常会在不同场合演奏几曲。史力如的父亲史文科十五岁开始工作,在当地的电机厂学徒,后来又到乌海市物资局回收公司工作。史力如的母亲韩瑞玲生于1955年,临河人,先后在乌海市海勃湾区医院和区卫生局工作。他们婚后有了两个孩子,1977年出生的女儿史丽娜和四年后出生的儿子史力如。母亲和祖父母一起照看两个儿女,家教严格的同时,对孩子们无微不至细心关爱,良好的家庭教育对两个孩子的成长及史力如日后的艺术生涯产生了巨大的影响。19816月24日,史力如出生在中国北方、内蒙古的新兴工业重镇乌海市。父亲是当地一家电机厂的普通工人,母亲在区医院当护士。史力如和比他大四岁的姐姐关系融洽,家庭气氛和睦。他童年的大部分时间和祖父母在一起,他祖父有对生活积极乐观的态度和广泛的兴趣爱好,这对史力如人格的形成和他对美的追求有着深远的影响,也对他日后的艺术生活及艺术创作起着重要的作用。1985在幼儿园的日子里,由于条件有限,缺少玩具,史力如总是得不到心仪的玩具,于是他开始发挥想象力,利用橡皮泥亲手制作各种人物和动物。锻炼了动手能力和创造力的同时,他从中得到了极大的快乐和满足。1986史力如和父母连同二姑史文涛第一次游览北京,参观了白塔寺,天安门广场,故宫,等等。这是他最早与这座3000多年建城史的古都结缘。1987到内蒙古临河探望姥爷韩志忠、姥姥岳秀清及其家人。那里民风质朴,亲情和睦,他喜欢乡下秀丽的风景和清新的空气,姥爷和姥姥赋予他性格中朴实的一面。1988进入乌海市海勃湾区第四小学学习。从这时开始,史力如就已经显出了对绘画和手工制作的偏好。他积极参加市里和学校组织的各种绘画和手工制作比赛,并多次获奖。这时的他对绘画的兴趣更加偏爱,并立志将来要成为优秀的艺术家。1989为了给史力如创造更好的学习绘画的条件,他的家人送他去乌海市工人文化宫少儿美术培训班系统地学习绘画。这是他走向未来艺术之路的重要一步。他对绘画情有独钟,同时对美术班上所学的其它科目,诸如传统的书法、国画、篆刻、剪纸、泥塑等也十分有兴趣。他全面而广泛的接触这些艺术课程,极大地提高了他的艺术修养,更为他之后的艺术创作打下了坚实的基础。1991他结束了工人文化宫美术培训班为期两年的课程。期间,他认真学习了与美术有关的诸多课程,使他对美术有了更深刻的了解。来自天津的何老师口传心授,把多年对绘画的心得要点传授给他,使他受益匪浅,更加坚定了他未来走向艺术之路的信心。1994进入乌海市第三中学学习。他的父母开始担心他偏爱绘画会耽误应试课程的学习,老师也认为他对绘画的兴趣会影响将来升学的成绩,甚至把他的画笔和颜料扔掉,希望他专心攻读应试科目。史力如对这种以考试分数为目的的教育模式很不适应。家庭和学校都希望他放弃绘画。他顶住了这样的压力,非但没有彻底放弃绘画,反而在逆反心理的作用下,继续着对绘画狂热地追求。1995史力如利用业余时间开始集邮。对邮票的痴迷让他学到了不少新知识,也让他交了许多新朋友。这些设计精美的邮票在无形中也影响了他的审美趣味。这也是他艺术作品充满设计感的原因所在。1997史力如进入乌海第一中学学习。他说服父母继续支持他学习绘画,得到父母的同意后,他充分利用课余时间学习绘画,在姐姐的引见下他跟随乌海书画院院长、擅长中国画的靳文艺先生学习,为日后备考理想的美术院校做准备。1998在相当艰苦的条件下,史力如和朋友到内蒙古呼和浩特市进行为期两个月的美术基础培训,学习素描、速写和水粉画。1999在陕西省西安市参加为期两个月的美术基础培训班,师从西安美术学院油画系教授杨国杰先生。学期结束后回到乌海市第一中学,在张胤洲老师的支持和帮助下和刘宝林、孟庆业、胡家麟、刘玲鹰、 赵晶几位爱好绘画的朋友举办美术作品展。2000报考西安美术学院落榜,因此他复读一年,继续跟随杨国杰教授学画,同时进入宝鸡姜城中学再次备考美术院校。在巩固写实绘画技巧的同时,他还创作了泥塑《雕像》及一系列超现实主意风格的铅笔画,彰显了一个年轻艺术生的活力。2001考取天津美术学院油画系,在基础部的学习过程中,受到孙建平教授、王元珍教授的耐心指导。同年,他画了题为《大晒台》的作品,并荣获天津美术学院的马利油画奖学金优秀奖。随后他又创作了《快乐时光》和《秋千》。作品运笔潇洒自如,细腻准确,表现了这位未来艺术家的潜力。2002史力如与李卓、朱岩、王戈几位同学结为好友。他们经常在一起讨论艺术话题,一起消磨时光。同年,在姜中立老师和刘军老师的指导下,在安徽写生。他这个时期的创作趋于表现意向,运笔快捷有力,正如他的《小巷》,《宏村黄昏》和《大晒台》所体现的那样。同时,一系列很微妙的铅笔画,例如《一些东西》,也已经显示出了其运笔的成熟。2003进入天津美术学院油画系第二工作室。师从王元珍教授、忻东旺教授、和任震宇老师,在老师们的精心指导下,他的绘画技巧和艺术理念更加成熟。同年,史力如在乌海一家废弃的工厂里用废铁创作了一系列雕塑,包括《面具》、《鱼》、《枪》、《收拢》、《鹿》等。2004在天津美术学院油画系系主任祁海平教授和王元珍教授的支持和帮助下,史力如在天津美术学院展览馆举办了个人作品展。展览期间,他得到了众多艺术家的亲自指点,诸如张京生教授、邓国源教授、孙建平教授和忻东旺教授等,并获得重要的艺术理念和展览经验。同年,他在纸面上创作了《沸点》系列,他尝试用抽象的绘画语言直观表达内心的感受,在笔法和画面形式上有了新的体验。之后他又创作了油画《老赵》,获天津美术学院马利油画奖学金特等奖。作品如《没商量》、《老赵》、《同学》、《半梦半醒》、《一抹阳光》、《角落》等被天津美术学院收藏。2005 毕业于天津美术学院,获学士学位。同年九月,史力如任教于天津美术学院附属中学。他梦想到北京作独立艺术家,所以很快辞去了中学美术教师的工作。2006他在北京费家村艺术区结识了艺术家苏新平、祁志龙和周颖超。在他们的支持和帮助下,他对艺术和创作有了新的认识和理解。年底,史力如作为独立艺术家在北京宋庄艺术区落户。这位年轻的艺术家只用了很短的时间就在令人眼花缭乱的当代艺术中摸索到了自己的艺术路径,并大胆尝试更多样的画风。他独特的风格和旺盛的创作精力得到了大众及批评界的肯定。他开始创作题为《桃花》系列的油画,一直持续到2007年。他结识了艺术史专家安特?格利博达,开始了他们之间的友谊,并且从此再没有间断。他的作品先后在法国巴黎歌剧画廊,伦敦、纽约、迈阿密、新加坡、香港和迪拜展出,使这位初出茅庐的艺术家得以在世界艺术舞台有了一席之地。2007落户北京将府艺术区。开始创作《星星挂满天》和《中国式笑容》系列。他的油画围绕着一些可读的视觉题材,色彩鲜明刺眼,介于具象和微妙的氛围之间,他开始在画面上进行更加深入的刻画,全面而不繁腻,力图最大限度地对画面的时代感和神秘气氛进行渲染。同时也通过都市形象和题材对中国的意象进行了大胆的探索(《花裙子》,《榜样》,《姑娘》、《母亲》、《中国式笑容N°1》《中国式笑容N°2》系列)。2008创作这一年最有力度的《中国式笑容》系列。他开始用深粉色、橘黄色、浅蓝色、苹果绿色、金黄色来创作女性面孔,明眸冰肌,可以看出此时艺术家在力图把她们纳入一个叙事框架当中。创作以马球和高尔夫球运动为题材的《让我们为英雄喝彩》系列和《激情瞬间》系列。这些作品的创作活动一直持续到2012年,成为他最成熟的题材之一。史力如的父母离开乌海,到深圳一家私营企业工作。2009开始《招安》系列的创作,并通过同一题材的彩色雕塑继续自己的艺术探索。这是他对超现实主义题材创作的短暂回归。2010在继续表现马球和高尔夫球运动的《让我们为英雄喝彩》系列创作的同时,史力如开始创作《橡皮》、《两只恐龙》和《两只龙虾》等作品。作品通过不同流行元素错位有序地组合,来体现具有中国审美趣味的画面样式。随后继续2008年开始的《激情瞬间》系列。利用油画这种媒介和全新的波普样式来诠释马球和高尔夫球运动的形式美,这是对都市生活题材作品的全新探索,彰显了他充满生命力的视觉体验和极大的创作天赋。十月,和画家于砚结为伉俪。2011创作《女孩》和《影》等一系列油画,创作五联油画《马上封侯》。应塞内加尔驻华大使Papa Khaliou Fall先生的要求,史力如为其创作了一幅名为《Mr.Papa Khaliou Fall》的油画肖像。上海荟珍屋艺术中心独家展出史力如135件油画、摄影和雕塑作品。并同时展出由Delight出版社和荟珍屋艺术中心共同出版的关于史力如的专著。该书作者及展览监展人为欧洲人文科学院终身院士、艺术史专家、建筑师、作家安特?格利博达先生。展览时间为2012年6月。史力如至今生活、工作在北京。The family origins of Shi Liru are found in Fugu County in the province of Shaanxi, a region famous for its magnesium mining. His grandparents, Shi Jincheng and Chang Guie were farmers all their lives, as was his father for some time. The whole family, with its six children, left its hometown in the 1960s because of the natural disasters and famine that was ravaging the region at that time. They first settled in the Hetao plains, then headed further north to the desert’s edge and finally settled on the left bank of the Yellow River in the city of Wuhai in Inner Mongolia. Life is hard in this area, not least because of the harsh weather and the conditions of work and life in general. The family of humble origin had no great means and had to work hard to feed the many mouths. However, the grandfather, a simple farmer, was a man with an open mind who excelled in calligraphy and drawing and also had a knowledge of music, playing various instruments such as the suona, the oboe (suona horn), the two-string violin (erhu fiddle) and the dulcimer, an instrument often found in Chinese folk music. He used every opportunity to express himself through his music, even though the times and the social environment were hardly conducive to artistic expression. The father, Shi Wenke, began working at the age of 15 years, learning to be a mechanic in a local factory. Later, he was hired by an office equipment business in Wuhai. The mother, Han Ruiling, born in 1955, stemmed from Linhe in Inner Mongolia. She worked as a nurse firstly in the hospital and later in the local health bureau. The couple raised two children, a daughter Shi Lina born in 1977 and a boy born in 1981. The mother was strict about the education of her two children whom she left in the care of the grandparents, who for the rest of their lives had a great influence on the artistic sensibility of their grandchildren.1981Shi Liru is born on June 24 in Haibowan district in Wuhai, a small town in Inner Mongolia, located in the northern China. His father is an ordinary worker in a local engine factory, his mother a nurse in the local district hospital. Together with his four-year-older sister, Shi Liru experiences a harmonious family life. From an early age he spends much time with his paternal grandparents and the proximity to his grandfather is crucial to the development of the boy’s artistic sensibility. 1985In kindergarten where there are no enough toys for every child so Shi Liru decides to make his own to satisfy his need to play. He creates its own figurines - little sculptures made with his own hands and fruits of his own invention - rather than to wait for toys that usually other children get before him. 1986Together with his parents and his aunt Shi Wentao, he makes his first trip to Beijing, where they visit the White Pagoda Temple, Tiananmen Square, the Forbidden City and other famous landmarks. Therefore a special complex is made between him and this old city. 1987The family visits the maternal grandparents, grandfather Han Zhizhong and grandmother Yue Xiuqing, as well as the mother's family in Linhe, Inner Mongolia. The conservative place and simple people fill Shi Liru with joy. He also inherit the simple character from them.1988He is enrolled in the Fourth Primary School of Haibowan District in Wuhai. By this time, the boy shows an interest in drawing, painting and sculpting. Even as a child, he participates in many competitions and art exhibitions in his school and his hometown, winning numerous awards. His interest in artistic creativity increases during that period, and determines his subsequent choice of profession and his career that culminate in his emergence in the field of art and in a life full of colors.1989The parents of Shi Liru decide to enroll him in art classes for children at the Wuhai Workers’ Cultural Palace for regular instruction in artistic techniques. This is actually the first step towards his future career choice. With art as his primary concern, the boy shows little interest in other studies.In his art classes a wide range of artistic expression is being represented. He learns the techniques of calligraphy, printmaking, drawing and sketching as well as traditional Chinese painting, particularly oil painting - in short all the foundations for his future career after he decided to devote his life to art.1991He completes his art classes at the Wuhai Workers’ Cultural Palace. He begins to understand the essence of art. One of his teachers, Mr. He, from Tianjin City, has instilled in his pupil all those ancient and modern techniques of art that the artist needs today. He is then determined to devote himself to artistic career.1994Shi Liru enrolls in the Wuhai Number 3 Middle School but his parents fear that his artistic activities reflect on his performance in other subjects. The school system and the context of the examination-oriented education actually turn out to be a serious problem for the young student. The teacher is very strict, the little boy is often disciplined and his school performance is mixed. Mr. Liang, his teacher, has no compunction to throw out the paints and brushes because he believes that painting is a bad thing for his pupil, who of course is of a different mind. Virtually all subjects, except mathematics, become a problem for Shi Liru.1995Deprived of painting, he changes his interest and begins to focus on collecting postage stamps. This hobby provides him with many new insights and many new friendships. Shi Liru begins to study the beautiful forms represented in the miniature images of the stamps. The idea of his decorative paintings is therefore shaped.1997Shi Liru moves to School Number One in Wuhan and convinces his parents that he can continue his studies as well as his painting. With the support of his family painting becomes his main preoccupation during his spare time, with the future goal of studying at an art academy. Introduced by Shi Liru’s sister, he begins studying art with Mr. Jin Wenyi, President of the Wuhai Academy of Painting and Calligraphy who is a master of traditional Chinese painting.1998Together with a friend he undertakes a two-month intensive painting course under difficult conditions in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia. 1999He participates in a two-month intensive painting course at the Academy of Fine Arts in Xi'an in Shaanxi Province under the supervision of Professor Yang Guojie. With his artist friends Liu Baolin, Meng Qingye, Hu Jialin, Liu Lingying and Zhao Jing he presents his first exhibition in the Hall of Wuhai No.1 Middle School. Professor Zhang Yinzhou has invited television and local media in order to protest against the Russian academic art education in the fine arts schools in China, that with its apples and tea cups, has done nothing to encourage real creativity in the budding artists. None of the works of Shi Liru in this exhibition have been preserved.2000He continues his studies in painting under the guidance of Professor Yang Guoji at the Academy of Fine Arts in Xi'an. At the same time he is enrolled in the Jiangcheng Middle School in Baoji, Shaanxi Province. When he fails the entrance exam to the Academy of Fine Arts in Xi'an he is forced to spend another year preparing for the entrance examination. He creates the clay sculpture "Statue ", demonstrating a remarkable mastery for a young artist, and a series of drawings with surreal overtones.2001Shi Liru passes the entrance exam to the Academy of Fine Arts in Tianjin, and is enrolled in the department of oil painting under the tutelage of Professor Sun Jianping and Professor Wang Yuanzhen. That same year he paints a work entitled "Huge Balcony" for which he receives the Mali Oil Painting Scholarship Award of Excellence of the Academy of Fine Arts in Tianjin. He then creates the paintings "Happy Time" and "Swing", both painted with a disconcerting freedom but also with a subtle precision, thus portending the future destiny of the artist.2002Shi Liru befriends his younger classmates, the artists Li Zhuo, Zhu Yan and Wang Ge. They spend most of their time together, discussing art and aesthetic issues and sharing their free time and distractions. Led by Mr. Jiang Zhongli and Mr. Liu Jun, he goes to Anhui for painting. Expressive composition dominates their creative concerns, always accompanied by rapid and forceful gesturing as reflected in the series "Alleyway," "Dusk in Hongcun" or "Huge Balcony" and in a series of very subtle drawings titled "Something," which already shows the certitude of line and gesture. 2003Shi Liru begins to study in the No.2 studio of oil painting department of Tianjin Fine Art Academy under the tutelage of Professor Wang Yuanzhen, Professor Xin Dongwang and Ren Zhenyu. He makes use of old iron to create sculptures in an abandoned factory in Wuhai, including "Mask", "Fish", "Musket", "Furl" and "Deer".2004With the aid and support of Qi Haiping, Dean of the Department of Painting and Wang Yuanzhen, Professor in the Department of Oil Painting, he presents his first solo exhibition, also receiving support from his teacher and artist Zhang Jingsheng and his professors Deng Guoyuan, Sun Jianping and Xin Dongwang from the Academy of Fine Arts in Tianjin. He paints the work, "Mr. Zhao" and is again awarded the First Prize of the Ma Li Oil Painting Scholarship Award of Excellence at the Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts.His works, "No Discussion", "Mr. Zhao", "Classmate", "Half-Asleep," "A Touch of Sunshine," and "Corner" are purchased by the Academy of Fine Arts in Tianjin and entered into its collection. 2005He receives the diploma of the Academy of Fine Arts in Tianjin and tries to introduce some creative elements into his works and his exhibition at the Academy. Upon graduation he is given a teaching position at the high school attached to the Academy of Fine Arts. But this work does not interest him. He dreams of becoming an independent artist and being settled in a studio in Beijing. Since his first solo exhibition at the Academy of Fine Arts in Tianjin in 2004, he has produced a series of works on paper titled "Boil", trying for a brief period a form of lyrical abstraction, which offered some possibilities, but is quickly abandoned by the young artist. 2006Shi Liru lives and works as an independent artist in Beijing's art district Songzhuang. The young artist has developed his own way in a relatively short time, dealing with various temptations and in the process achieving a rich and diverse palette. This balanced fugue takes into account the public response and the artistic criticism. He meets the artists Su Xinping, Qi Zhilong and Zhou Yingchao in the Feijiacun Art Compound in Beijing and with their support he attains another dimension and a different understanding of art and creativity. He begins to paint a series of works called "Peach Blossom" lasting until 2007. He meets for the first time the art and architecture historian Ante Glibota with whom he becomes friends and engages in exchanges that have since continued without interruption. His work is subsequently shown at the Opera Gallery in Paris, in London, Seoul, New York, Miami, Singapore, Hong Kong and Dubai, opening the international art scene for the recently graduated promising young artist. 2007Shi Liru moves his work place and sets up his studio in the Jiangfu Arts District in Beijing. He begins to paint a series entitled "A Sky Full of Stars" as well as the series "Chinese-Stile Smile". He appropriates the medium of painting for easily legible visual themes, expressed in garish and flashy colors, hovering between figurative representation and delicate atmospheres that the artist integrates with comprehensible subtlety into the surface of the painting. These elements are all the more interesting to note as they are often the result of physical and psychological illusion stemming from the accumulation of objects and details brought to the surface of the canvases devoted to the depiction of urban themes. Strongly attached to the culture of Pop Art, Shi Liru also explores the Chinese revolutionary images in works such as "Pattern Shirt", "Example", the series "Girl", "Mother", “Chinese Smiling No. 1”, and “Chinese Smiling No. 2". More recently he has produced in the same spirit a series of works inspired by sports. 2008He creates one of his greatest series of paintings entitled "Chinese Smiling". His figures, in most cases women's faces, are painted in bright pink, orange, faded blue, apple green and sun yellow, with clear darting eyes and soft skin, showing the intent of the artist to insert them into a narrative framework. He creates the series "Let us Celebrate our Heroes" devoted to polo and golf players, a series he continues until 2010, constituting one of his most prolific creative themes. By turning to the themes of polo and golf, he demonstrates his great talent for pictorial inventiveness and for presenting an authentic experience that is imbued with vital fluids. His family moves to Shenzhen in southern China where his father finds employment in a private enterprise.2009Shi Liru begins a series of paintings entitled "Philip Murphy" and continues his work on a series of polychrome sculptures on the same subject. He has a temporary reappearance or the surrealist subject. 2010While continuing the series "Let us Celebrate our Heroes" dedicated polo and golf players, Shi Liru produces a series of monumental paintings entitled "Eraser", "Two Dinosaurs" and "Two Lobsters", followed by the series "Moment of Passion" begun in 2008 and continued through 2010. These works manifest the Chinese aesthetic need through the ordered composition of different pop elements. After his exploration of the theme of city life, he makes his own annotation to the beauty of polo and golf. Shi Liru marries the painter Yu Yan in October of this year.2011Shi Liru creates a series of works entitled "Girls" and "Shadow". At the invitation of the Ambassador of Senegal in China, Mr. Papa Khaliou Fall, Shi Liru paints the portrait entitled "Mr. Papa Khaliou Fall".The Museum of Art and the Urbanity of Shanghai (MAUS) announces the opening of a retrospective exhibition of 135 paintings, photographs and sculptures by Shi Liru, together with the presentation of a monograph dedicated to the artist and jointly published by Delight Edition and MAUS. The author of the book and curator of the exhibition is art historian Ante Glibota, member of the European Academy of Art, Science and Humanity.The exhibition opening and presentation of the monograph take place on June, 2012.Shi Liru lives and works in Beijing, China.